Neurologicaly based movement disorders:


Multiple Sclerosis
Traumatic brain injuries
CP in adulthood


A stroke, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain.
Stroke is caused either by a lack of blood to brain due to blockage of an artery, or by rupture of an artery causing bleeding into or around the brain.

There are 5 main causes

Symptoms and early recognition

Effects of stroke on abilities

Conductive Education and stroke

CE aims to help the stroke survivor increase awareness and the level of voluntary movement on the effected side. It is help to Increase confidence in the usage of the affected side and in the client's own abilities. It Improves walking technique, including weight bearing on the affected side and the use of ankles when standing and walking. CE aim to teach the person the components of everyday skills that the can apply to their own situation. All other functions must be taken into consideration since the damage caused by stroke can be wild and varied. Each individuals must be taken on their own merits.

Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease (also known as Parkinson disease, Parkinson's, idiopathic parkinsonism, primary parkinsonism, PD, hypokinetic rigid syndrome/HRS, or paralysis agitans) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. The motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease result from the death of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the mid brain; the cause of this cell death is unknown.
Early in the course of the disease, the most obvious symptoms are movement-related; these include: Later, cognitive and behavioural problems may arise, with dementia commonly occurring in the advanced stages of the disease. Other symptoms include sensory, sleep and emotional problems . PD is more common in the elderly, with most cases occurring after the age of 50.

Conductive Education and Parkinson's disease

CE cannot offer a cure , it aimes to help the person to maximize the use of the movements they have, provides technique to help overcome some of the symptoms,and maintain the condition of the person for as long as possible by teaching them techniques they can apply in their everyday lives. It teaches the person to play an active role in their own rehabilitation.
CE has a two-hold function for those with Parkinson's disease:

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central nervous system which is composed of the brain and spinal cord. The disease attacks the myelin which is a protective covering wrapped around the nerves of the central nervous system.

Cause of MS:


Who can get it:

Conductive Education and Multiple Sclerosis

Conductive Education cannot offer a cure for MS, but it can offer a base for learning new movements or relearning ones that are now very difficult. It can help the person to learn techniques to enable them maintain an active lifestyle. The task series can increase stamina and reduce levels of fatigue.
Conductive Education has a two-hold function for those with MS:

Traumatic Brain Injuries:

Traumatic brain injury is a term given to any form of an external force which traumatically injures the brain.

Two main types

The most common causes of closed head injuries

The symptoms:

Traumatic Brain Injury and Conductive Education:

Conductive Education cannot perform the impossible, but aims to build on the head injured person present abilities in order to enhance learning. Learning may take place in small steps, but each small step will be another milestone for the individual concerned. CE main role is to teach the person how to use their abilities, build on them and thus increase the role they can play in their everyday life.
CE can help to increase range of movements in upper and lower limbs, to prevent deformities and contructures, and maintain range of movements and flexibility in joints and ligaments and help creating new habits of movement. It can teach techniques for being actively involved in transferring e.g. getting in and out from wheelchair, transferring in sitting position, increase stamina and improve walking technique including weight bearing.

Cerebral Palsy in Adulthood

Cerebral Palsy refers to a broad range of motor disorders which includes lifelong disturbance of tone, movement, posture and balance.There is a damage to the immature brain which can occur before, during or after birth. The resultant motor disorder may not be apparent at birth , however as the child develops and grows the diagnosis is usually made when he/she presents with poor or no control of his/her movements.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy

Diagnostic types of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy in adulthood and Conductive education:

The effect of disability on adult is very different than on children. Conductive Education aims to teach the adult with CP how to use the skills they have in the most effective way, and how to remain active to reduce the possibility of deformities. Learning takes place in small stages. CE help the adults with CP increased confidence and self-assurance in finding solutions to the problems they face daily. They are learning to overcome their difficulties, in their movement problems and coordinating their body, so they could become more active and independent.